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Khorasan Razavi province is one of the provinces of Khorasan in the northeast of Iran, central to Mashhad. The province's area is 118, 854 square kilometers, which is the fifth largest province in the country.
Razavi's name in the province's name refers to the tomb of Ali ibn Musa al-Reza in the center of the province.
Khorasan Razavi has been formed from 28 cities, 70 districts and 164 villages. Khorasan has witnessed the rise and fall of many dynasties and governments in its territory throughout history. The various ethnic groups of Arabs, Turks, Kurds, Mongols, Turkmens and Afghans have brought changes to the region over time.
Ancient geographers divided Iran into eight sections, the largest Khorasan, the most flourishing and largest.
The Parthian Empire has been stationed in Khorasan for several years near Marv. During the Sassanid era, the province was ruled by a Lieutenant-Colonel who was called the Anti-Gypsy, and four Margraves, each one of whom was commander of one of the four sections of the province.
During the Muslim conquests in Iran, Khorasan was divided into four sections, each section being called the great cities of Neyshabur, Marv, Herat and Balkh.
Mashhad is a metropolis in northeastern Iran and the capital of Razavi Khorasan province. It was the capital of Iran during Afsharian times. Mashhad with 351 square kilometers is the second largest ci...